Introduction. Retention is the practice of not promoting students up a grade level in school (e.g., students repeat a grade level) and is based on the belief that children learn more academically by repeating a grade (Fait, 1982).
Is retention good for students?
Retaining students based on reading proficiency can produce large improvements in academic performance when compared to grade-level peers. Retention is not an academic death sentence. In fact, it can lead to better preparation when entering high school.
What does it mean to be retained from a grade?
Grade retention or grade repetition is the process of a student repeating a grade due to failing on the previous year. … In these grades, the student must generally fail or score well below the accepted level in most or all areas within the entire curriculum to be retained.
Does Retention help struggling students?
DOES RETENTION (REPEATING A GRADE)HELP STRUGGLING LEARNERS? CONCLUSION: No. Evidence showing a benefit of retention is virtually non-existent whereas evidence showing no effect or harm is plentiful. Arm yourself with the facts about the early childhood initiative or policy important to you.
Why is retention bad for students?
There are many adverse effects of retention. One of the biggest negative effects is that students who are retained are more likely to drop out of school eventually. … Students who are retained are likely physically bigger than their classmates because they are a year older.
Can I refuse my child being retained?
A parent has a right to appeal the decision to promote or retain a child. … More important than a decision to have the student promoted or retained at this level is the need for the student to receive additional instructional intervention that will help to improve academic performance.
Has your child ever been retained meaning?
Grade retention, also called repeating a grade, is the act of placing a student in the same grade for a second year. … Although failure to master grade-level academic skills is the most common reason for retaining a student (Picklo & Christenson, 2005), students are sometimes retained for non-academic reasons.
Does repeating a grade look bad to colleges?
Colleges are perfectly indifferent to students either repeating a year or taking a gap year to enter a PG program prior to applying. … In many cases, if they have no room for Fall Admissions, many elite colleges agree to accept the student with a delayed start.
How do you know if your child should repeat a grade?
Kids who have behavior issues or stress related to the classroom environment typically don’t benefit from staying in the same class another year. Kids who can tell you they feel like another year in the same grade will be helpful are good candidates for repeating a grade.
Do parents have a say in grade retention?
It’s a mutual decision. But in the other grades, parents have the right to request retention, but if the school or the district don’t agree to it, that wouldn’t happen. Parents cannot just request retention for their kids on their own.
Why is retention bad?
Previous research has shown that retained students fall behind even other low-scoring students who had been promoted. … In addition, substantial research has found that grade retention produces harmful emotional and psychological consequences and greatly increases the likelihood the students will drop out of school.
Why is student retention important?
Student retention is valuable to institutions because it assures a continued flow of revenues into the institution through the payment of tuition. It is also important for public institutions because institutional support is based on the size of the student body.
What is mandatory retention?
In many states, third graders who cannot read proficiently are required to repeat that year. This policy, known as mandatory retention, can greatly impact students’ emotional and cognitive development.